As a cotton marketing cooperative, Calcot, Ltd. handles cotton produced only by our members in the states of California, Arizona, New Mexico, Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas.

The Far West

Because of the ideal growing conditions, Upland cotton grown in California (including the world famous San Joaquin Valley Acala) is generally considered the best Upland cotton in the world. In any given year, 90 percent of the crop is middling and better (Green Card Class color 31, leaf 3 and better) and micronaire averages 3.8-4.2. If saw ginned, staple length is 37 and longer with strength of 32 grams per tex (gpt) and higher. If roller ginned, staple length is 39 and longer with strength of 33 gpt and higher. This fiber is ideal to produce finer count yarns where strength, consistency, and spinability are important. Upland cotton produced in Southern California and Arizona (C/A), as well as cotton produced in New Mexico and the El Paso, Texas area (Desert Southwest) also have exceptional fiber properties. As in California, these crops are 100 percent irrigated and spindle-picked, providing superb quality year after year. Far Western growers consistently produce crops of 75 to 80 percent class middling and better; average staple is 36 and higher; micronaire average 4.6 to 4.8; and the GPT average is 28 and higher. These are excellent options for producing carded and combed 30 or 40-count yarns.


Upland varieties in South and West Texas cover a wide range of qualities and compete head to head with the best Upland cottons in the world. The versatility of these crops allows us to offer fiber suitable for open-end and ring-spun uses. Generally speaking, new crop from South Texas is available for shipment as early as September, bridging the gap between the remains of old crop and the bulk of new crop, adding additional value to this exceptional fiber.


Our grower-members also produce Extra Long Staple Cotton (Pima) in California, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas. San Joaquin Valley (SJV) and American Pima are the premier cotton fibers of the U.S. and widely known as among the finest, if not the finest, cotton fibers in the world. Yarns most commonly produced with Pima are 80-count to 100-count. Due to its consistency, quality, and availability, Pima has positioned itself as the preferred ELS cotton worldwide. Historically, Pima cotton averages 1-7/16 to 1-1/2 inches, micronaire 3.7-4.2., and strength from 38 to 40 GPT. Coupled with excellent grades, this fiber can be considered the most reliable supply of this type of cotton from year to year.

Years of Experience and Excellent Service

Our reputation precedes us. Over 90 years of experience delivering high quality fiber with superb quality service have allowed us to develop strong partnerships with mills in the U.S. and all around the world. From the beginning, Calcot has been an export oriented company. Thus, our network of highly qualified and experienced agents adds assurance of an exceptional performance and customer satisfaction sale after sale. We can proudly say that years of experience and excellent service have allowed us to place over 70 million bales worldwide.